As a newbie in the music industry, you might get confused with the different terms or jargon popular among different music professionals. Although most of these terms may be new or confusing to you, many of these buzzwords have specific meanings that can benefit you if you know them.
In this article, we will help you understand and know the meaning of these common terms used in the music industry.
Here is a list of 20 popular music industry terms and jargon you need to know.
1. Tour Assistance: When musical artists and their crew go on tour, tour support is the money given to cover the costs of a tour, usually by a record company.
2. Demo: Demos are early versions or raw recordings of songs in progress. It can also be likened to a draft when publishing articles.
3. Tour Leader: When musical artists go on tour, the tour, route or logistics manager takes care of the details of the tour. They travel with the artist and his team and do all the work like checking into hotels, liaising with promoters and generally trying to make things go as smoothly as possible.
4. “Big Three” Record Labels: Only three major record labels control the global music space. The three major record companies are: Sony BMG, Universal Music Group, Warner Music Group. In 2016, these labels accounted for almost 80% of the music market.
5. Sound engineer: Although there are different roles for a sound engineer. One may work with the music artist during music production, while the other should be tasked with doing the sound for a live show or concert.
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6. Reservation Agent: A booking agent helps liaise with event promoters and venues to book shows for an artist.
7. Radio plugger: To be specific, radio pluggers help promote music releases to radio stations.
8. 360 offers: This is a revenue structure used by major record labels that not only allows them to earn revenue from the sale of their artists’ recorded music, but also to get a cut of revenue from other artists. , including money generated from touring and merchandise sales.
9. Music editing: Music publishing is the collection and payment of royalties each time a song is “used” or in exchange for a portion of those royalties and certain rights to the song. A music publisher works on behalf of songwriters or composers to collect and remit any royalties they earn on their compositions.
10. Promoter: Promoters help promote both an artist’s music or live performances and shows, as the case may be.
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11. Promoting: This is a promotional copy of a recording, different from a demo in that it is usually a final version of the recording. Promos can be complete copies of a complete album with artwork, or they can be CDs in cardboard or plastic sleeves.
12. Playlists: These are lists of songs curated and played by disc jockeys (DJs), radio stations and, more recently, digital music streaming platforms.
13. Performing Rights Royalties: This is a type of royalty paid to a songwriter when a song they have written is performed.
14. Digital Music Distribution: First of all, distribution is the process of getting music from the artist to the store, making it available to the public for purchase – this is called physical music distribution. While instead of transporting the albums to a physical store, the distribution company will distribute the music in digital format (usually mp3 or .wav). Music is sent to online music platforms such as iTunes, Spotify and AmazonMP3. It is then the job of the distributors to ensure that the royalties for the use of the music are returned to the artists and rights holders.
15. Music Public Relations: PR is an acronym for “press relations” or “public relations”. However, it is also used as an initial to refer to someone who works in media/press relations. A PR agency or PR strategist is usually hired to work on a campaign basis to promote a new album, single, or tour. Some other roles of a music PR include; promotion to print media, websites, news publishers, television and radio stations.
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16. PD: P.Ds is an acronym for “per diem” Where “per dayit refers to the allowance paid daily by record companies to its musical artists, band members and touring crew for their personal expenses, such as food and drink.
17. Mechanical royalties: This is a type of royalty earned by a songwriter through the reproduction of copyrighted works in digital and physical formats. Songwriters receive mechanical royalties per song sold, downloaded and streamed through “on–request“streaming services.
18. Artist Manager: An artist manager is the professional representative and advisor of an artist or musical group. Managers help build an artist’s career and get their client’s music into the hands of producers and label executives, as well as negotiate contracts, organize tours and book shows.
19. Independent Labels: An independent record label (or independent label) is a record company that operates without the funding or distribution of major record labels. They are not connected to any of the big three major labels – Universal, Sony and Warner. These types of record labels operate like a house based on a large, highly profitable business.
20. Door separation: It is a type of paid payment agreement for a live show or performance, in which the musical artist or group and the promoter agree to share the proceeds of the show after the promoter recovers its costs. .